| Common spoonbill
|One of the birds that live in the marshes of Santoņa is the common spoonbill which comes from the breeding colonies in Holland.
|| The Nature Reserve of the Marshes of Santoņa, Victoria and Joyel, occupyuing more than 4,000 hectares is of great ecological value and considered one of the areas with the greatest biodiversity in Spain, with over 20,000 birds belonging to 120 different species, small mammals and unique flora.
Among these are a large number from Northern Europe, that come to Santoņa to spend a winter that is much milder than in their countries of origin.
Spring and autumn are the seasons for migrating birds, and this is the best time to observe sea birds.
Cliffs such as Punta El Fraile on Mount Buciero serve as a refuge and nesting place for many of the birds that come to the marshes.
The flora on the cliffs has had to adopt a special strategy to survive in a habitat with no fresh water.
Among the bird that can be seen in the marshes are grebes, dabchicks, cormorants, cranes, common spoonbills, geese, ducks, ralids, shorebirds, gulls and terns.
A walk through the sandy areas of the Park allows visitors to see how the flora has adapted to survival under the harsh conditions imposed by the porous, unstable terrain, and fauna that feeds off shellfish, crustaceans and insects.
The best way to see the marshes is to following route that runs over the dykes in Bengoa Marsh to the north of the town of Santoņa, along a path that runs parallel to the C-629 road. This route, which is quite easy along its entire length of 2,300 m. and takes about 2 hours to travel, will enable you to observe all the details and beauty of the marsh, at any of its six stops with their informative panels.
Routes through the Marshes